Do you find knitting abbreviations confusing?

Did you know they are used to conserve space and make patterns more manageable to read?  If a designer were to write out the detailed instructions for every stitch, the pattern would become very long and hard to follow.

Once you memorize a few of the frequently used abbreviations, pattern reading will become second nature to you.

Below I have included a chart of knitting abbreviations.   Want a list for your knitting bag?  Just click the download link below the chart.

Knitting Abbreviations


*repeat the instructions following the * as directed
(), {}work the instructions within parentheses or brackets as directed
altalternate, alternating
begbegin, beginning
BObind (cast) off
C4Bcable 4 back
C4Fcable 4 front
CCcontrast color
cncable needle
COcast on
follfollow, following
inc, incrincrease, increasing
k2togknit 2 stitches together
k3togknit 3 stitches together
k, Kknit
kfbknit into the front and back of the stitch
krbknit in the row below
kwiseknitwise-insert the needle from the front to the back as if to knit
LHleft hand
M1make 1 stitch
m1Lmake 1 left-leaning stitch
m1Rmake 1 right-leaning stitch
MCmain color


Abbreviation Meaning
p2tog purl 2 stitches together
p3tog purl 3 stitches together
p, P purl
pat, patt pattern
pkup pick up stitches
pm place marker
psso pass slipped stitch over
pwsie purlwise-insert the needle from the back to the front as if to purl
rem remain, remaining
rep repeat, repeating
rev reverse
rnd round
RS right side
SKP slip, knit,  pass over
sl1k slip one knitwise
sl1p slip one purlwise
sl1-k2tog-psso slip 1 stitch, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over
s12-k1-pss2o slip 2 as if to k2tog, k1, pass 2 slipped stitches over
sl slip
sm slip marker
ssk slip, slip, knit 2 stitches together
st(s) stitches
st st stockinette (stocking) stitch
tbl through back loop
tog together
turn turn the work to the reverse side
WS wrong side
wyib, wyb with yarn in back
wyif, wyf with yarn in front
yo yarn over

Are you tired of digging through all your reference books for the meaning of abbreviations?  Then, complete the form below and get a copy of the above abbreviations for your knitting bag.  

Knitting Books

I don’t know about you, but I love to read knitting books.  Below is a link to some great knitting books.

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